There are many steps to creating a garment. Designing and planning, preparing your fabric choice, cutting and marking all the pattern pieces on your fabric, interfacing and possibly underlining, and there is even some sewing involved! Some sewists love every step along the creative path to a completed garment, and othersâ€¦.not so much.
Today I want to cover what is involved in pattern layout and cutting out a garment. This part of the process is definitely not my favorite one, but it is an important one. Hopefully some of my tips will help you appreciate how much difference this can make in your finished garment. I am going to assume you have prepared your fabric properly, and by that I mean you have pre-treated it in the same manner you intend to launder the final garment. (More about that in another post!) The basic steps I will cover in this post are:
- Pressing fabric
- Ironing pattern pieces
- Laying out the pattern pieces
- Cutting out the garment
Pressing. Turn on your iron to the appropriate setting for your fabric, pop in a good movie that does not actually require your concentration, and get ready to tame those wrinkles. If you remembered to look at the care code on the bolt when you bought your fabric, follow those instructions. If not, in general I use steam for wool, cotton, linen, and sometimes for polyester. I do not use steam for silk as it can waterstain and leave marks. It is a good idea to use a scrap (about 18 inches square) of silk organza as a press cloth to protect the surface of your fabric. Press the full length and width of your fabric thoroughly as a single layer; do not press a crease along the fold as this can sometimes show in the final garment. This important step ensures that your fabric is smooth and will help you cut the pattern pieces true to size.
Tissue pattern prep. Before you turn off your iron (do turn off the steam!), also iron your tissue pattern to remove wrinkles. If you are using a pattern that is marked on heavier paper and you did not trace it off onto lighter tissue, you can also iron that paper. This is a quick step that should only take a few minutes, and again helps ensures that you will cut the pattern pieces the correct size.
Layout. Start by looking at your pattern instructions. There will be several recommended pattern layouts based on pattern size and fabric width. I donâ€™t always follow the suggestion, but I usually look at it. Well, sometimes I do anyway. But do as I say, not as I do! If your fabric has a nap (like velvet or corduroy) you need to lay all the pattern pieces in the same direction. If you are using a plaid fabric, be sure to match the plaid particularly on all â€œmajorâ€ seam lines. Be sure to place pattern pieces that belong â€œon the foldâ€ along the fold line of your fabric. Carefully align all the pattern pieces to the vertical grain of the fabric, or as indicated on the pattern piece (ex: bias grain layout). Also be sure to cut out the pattern pieces as many times as the pattern requires; this might be once, twice, or more! The pattern layout step is time-consuming, but it is critical to producing the garment as the designer intended, and also one that will drape and look correct on the body. Check your layout carefully a second time before actually cutting, and do not try to do this step when you are tired. Or have had a couple glasses of wine. Just sayingâ€¦.I have heard there are some people who combine these two activities, but I do not condone it.
Cutting. This is where the rubber meets the road, and there is no turning back. The most important part of cutting is accuracy. Cut right along the cutting line of your pattern. Some designer and pattern maker spent a lot of time ensuring that all the pieces of the pattern will actually fit together â€“ so donâ€™t mess up the plan up by cutting the pieces bigger or smaller than intended. Too big or too small will not do, only â€œjust rightâ€. It is personal choice whether you use a rotary cutter or shears, but regardless cut, accurately. Did I mention you need to cut accurately???
Now is a good time for a glass of wine. You have finished a big step in your garment construction. Before you move those pattern pieces around too much, they need to be marked. But that is a lesson for another day.